The Family Tree of Benjamin Hoadly, Bishop of Winchester (1676-1761)

Family of John HOADLY and Sarah BUSHNELL

Husband: John HOADLY (1616-1668)
Wife: Sarah BUSHNELL (1625-1693)
Children: Samuel HOADLY (1643-1705)
John HOADLY ( -1645)
John HOADLY (1647-1647?)
Athia (Or Alicia) HOADLY (1648-1664)
John HOADLY (Reverend) (1650- )
Nathaniel HOADLY (1652-1657)
Stephen HOADLY (1654-1654)
Hannah HOADLY (1663?- )
Marriage 14 Jul 1642 Guliford, Connecticut, America

Husband: John HOADLY

Name: John HOADLY
Sex: Male
Name Prefix: Reverend
Father: -
Mother: -
Birth Jan 1616 Kent(?) England
Death 28 Jun 1668 (age 52) Rolvendon, Kent
Burial 1 Jul 1668 Rolvendon, Kent

Wife: Sarah BUSHNELL

Name: Sarah BUSHNELL
Sex: Female
Father: -
Mother: -
Birth 1625 England
Christening 20 Nov 1625 (age 0) England
Death 1 Nov 1693 (age 67-68) Halstead, Kent
Burial Halstead, Kent

Child 1: Samuel HOADLY

Name: Samuel HOADLY
Sex: Male
Spouse 1: Mary WOOD ( -1668)
Spouse 2: Martha PICKERING (1639-1702)
Birth 30 Sep 1643 Guliford, Connecticut, America
Occupation Schoolmaster, And Writer Of Educational Books
Death 17 Apr 1705 (age 61) Norwich, Norfolk
Burial St Luke's Chapel, Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, Norfolk

Child 2: John HOADLY

Name: John HOADLY
Sex: Male
Birth "3 JAN" Guilford, Connecticut, America
Death 14 Mar 1645 Guilford, Connecticut, America

Child 3: John HOADLY

Name: John HOADLY
Sex: Male
Birth Jun 1647 Guilford, Connecticut, America
Death 1647 (app) (age 0) Guilford, Connecticut, America

Child 4: Athia (Or Alicia) HOADLY

Name: Athia (Or Alicia) HOADLY
Sex: Female
Birth 7 Jun 1648 Guilford, Connecticut, America
Death 27 Mar 1664 (age 15) Rolvendon, Kent

Child 5: John HOADLY (Reverend)

Name: John HOADLY (Reverend)
Sex: Male
Spouse: Martha SMITH ( -1701)
Birth 8 Apr 1650 Guilford, Connecticut, America
Occupation Rector Of Halstead, Kent And Vicar Of Northolt, Kent
Death Rolvendon, Kent

Child 6: Nathaniel HOADLY

Name: Nathaniel HOADLY
Sex: Male
Birth 7 Jun 1652 Guilford, Connecticut, America
Death 15 Feb 1657 (age 4) Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland

Child 7: Stephen HOADLY

Name: Stephen HOADLY
Sex: Male
Birth May 1654 Guilford, Connecticut, America
Death May 1654 (age 0) Guilford, Connecticut, America

Child 8: Male FEMALE? HOADLY

Sex: Male
Birth "1655/1662" Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland
Death "?" ?

Child 9: Male FEMALE? HOADLY

Sex: Male
Birth "1655/1662" Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland

Child 10: Male FEMALE? HOADLY

Sex: Male
Birth "1655/1662" Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland
Death "?" ?

Child 11: Male FEMALE? HOADLY

Sex: Male
Birth "1662/1671" Rolvendon, Kent
Death "?" ?

Child 12: Hannah HOADLY

Name: Hannah HOADLY
Sex: Female
Spouse: Eleazer STILES (1661?- )
Birth 1663 (app) Cranbrook, Kent?

Note on Husband: John HOADLY (1) - shared note

Possibly born in Kent. Sailed to, and co-founded town of Guilford, Connecticut in America in 1639. Remained there until Autumn of 1653, whence he sailed to Edinbugh, to take up the chaplaincy of Edinburgh Castle garrison - the family followed in 1654. Remained at Edinburgh Castle until 1662. Moved to Rolvendon, Kent in 1662, where he died in 1668.

Note on Husband: John HOADLY (2)



On May 20th 1639, a group of about forty energetic young men set sail from London for the New World on the sailing vessel the SAINT JOHN under Captain Richard Russell.

They were chiefly adventurers from Surrey and Kent, seeking freedom from the ever tightening religious contraints that were being placed upon them in England under Charles I.

A brief examination of what had happened in England since the Reformation, may serve to indicate what drew these men from the only country they had ever known, across a wide, treacherous sea to settle an unexplored, untamed wilderness like New England.

Under Henry VIII, in 1531, the ties were severed between the Church of England and the Pope in Rome, and by the Act of Supremacy, passed three years later by a submissive Parliament, the King was declared to be the head of the Church. This established church, however, made little change from the past Catholic teachings and forms of worship.

During the reign of Elizabeth I, thousands of worshippers desired the church to be "purified", a simpler service held. its doctrines modified, and democracy to take the place of the absolute rule of the Bishops appointed by the King.

When James I acceded to the throne in 1603, he was amazed how the "vipers", as he called the Puritans, had multiplied. With a set face and determined attitude, he declared: "I will make them conform, or I will harrv them out of the land." He further antagonised the Puritans and nonconformist Christians, by proclaiming a new doctrine, that of the Divine Right of Kings. By this he meant that the King received his authority to rule directly from God, and in no way from the people. To dispute the King, he affirmed. was atheism and blasphemy. Any subject who challenged the sovereign was guilty of contempt and treason.

Against this attitude of Absoluteism, the non conformists battled valiantly. The Puritans earnestly desired to remain in the English Church, but strenuously contended that it should be purified in its teachings and forms of worship, and allow the people to elect officers to govern them instead of being directed soley by the bishops. In spite of every effort on the part of King James to compel religious conformity, the number of nonconformists continued to multiply.

When Charles I ascended the throne in 1625, many hoped for a change in this policy, but in both Church and State he continued to adhere to the principle that the people had no rights which the King was bound to respect.

From 1629 to 1640, the King ruled without a Parliament, and through Wentworth, his agent, made his government a complete despotism. Archbishop Laud, who was appointed head of the Church, exercised a crushing and merciless system against all not in sympathy with the Crown.

Many of the Clergy were exasperated when they were required in 1633 to read to their congregations the Declaration of Sunday Sports, whereby the people were encouraged to dance, practise archery, and play games in the churchyards on Sunday afternoons. Hundreds who refused to read it were turned out of their Parishes. These clergymen sought refuge among sympathetic friends, or else embraced the opportunity to migrate to the New World, where they gladly accepted privations and dangers with freedom.

It was within this climate, then, that one Henry Whitfield grew up and held his long

Rectorship at Ockley, in Surrey. When, one after another, Puritan clergymen were discharged from their parishes and had no place of refuge, Whitfield's spacious house at Ocklev became the resort for many of his distressed and persecuted bretheren. He did not confine his interests nor limit his talents to his own Parish. In all the surrounding country he became known as a man with an inspiring message, and people flocked to hear him. He became so popular and effective by his preaching that,through the earnest request of his friends, he secured an acceptable Curate to assist in the work of his Parish, so that he could spend much of his time visiting other congregations.

In his years of wider ministry to the various churches and communities of Southern England, he had become aquainted with a large circle of young people who were strongly attached to him. They sympathised with him in his long, patient but ineffectual efforts to purify the Established Church, and when, both by conviction and circumstance, he felt compelled to separate from the English Church, they readily joined with him. When they learned that he contemplated migrating to the New World, feeling that they could not live without his ministry, they enthusiastically threw in their lot with him. Some doubtless were from his old church in Ockley.

So, the forty or so pioneers and their families sailed from London on the SAINT JOHN under the leadership of their older spiritual guide, the Rev. Henry Whitfield. One of the group was John Hoadly.

John Hoadly was born in England in January 1616, but so far it is not clear exactly where. There appears to be reason to suppose that he came from Kent. On the. same ship were two sisters, Sarah and Rebecca Bushnell, and their father Francis. John later married Sarah Bushnell in America. Francis Bushnell's five living sons had left England's shores bound for America some four years earlier in 1635.

After about twelve days at sea, the pioneers drew up a compact. like the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620, pledging their helpfulness to one another in the proposed settlement. This first recorded act as a separate community was signed on ship board, and ran as follows:

"We, whose names are hereunder written, intending by God's gracious permission to plant ourselves in New England. and. if it may be, in the southerly part, about Quinnipiack: We do faithfully promise to each, for ourselves and families, and those that belong to us: that we will, the Lord assisting us, sit down and join ourselves together in one inure plantation: and to be helpful each to the other in every common work, according to every man's ability and as need shall require: and we promise not to desert or leave each other or the plantation, but with the consent of the rest, or the greater part of the company who have entered into this engagement. As for our gathering together in a church way, and the choice of officers and members to be joined together in that way, we do refer ourselves until such time as it shall please God to settle us in our plantation. In witness whereof we subsribe our hands, the first day of June 1639.

Robert Kitchen John Stone Thomas Norton

John Bishop William Plane Abraham Cruttenden

Francis Bushnell Richard Gutridge Francis Chatfield

William Chittenden John Hughes William Halle

William Leete Win. Dudley John Naish

Thomas Joanes John Parmelin Henry Kingsnorth

John Jurdon John Mepham Henry Doude

William Stone Henry Whitfield Thomas Cooke

John Hoadly.

The SAINT JOHN entered New Haven Harbour, in Connecticut, between the 10th and 15th of July 1639. The voyage had taken seven weeks. The vessel was the first to directly cross the Atlantic and enter the harbour.


Connecticut in 1639 contained only six towns, listed below with their dates of settlement:

1) Windsor; 1633

2) 2) Wethersfield; 1634

3) 3) Hartford; 1635

4) 4) Saybrook; 1635

5) 5) New Haven; 1638

6) 6) Milford; 1639

The distinction of being the seventh settlement belongs to Guilford. Unlike most of the other settlements of early Connecticut, which were removals from other places in the new country, Guilford was originally made up of pioneers who came directly from England, and together with the Saybrook settlement holds this distinction.

Unlike elsewhere in America, where white men often stormed into an area and expected the savages to move aside, Rev. Whitfield and his company diplomatically held meetings with the chiefs of the Indian tribes and via deeds as legal instruments, purchased their town. Guilford was actually aquired through five real estate transactions over a period of nearly fifty years between 1639 and 1686.

The lands purchased by Rev. Whitfield and his associates were the domain of the Sachem Squaw Shaumpishuh. (Sachem is the ancient name for Chief.). Shaumpishuh's small tribe was called Menuncatuck, and they lived along the ledge running back into a cove from the Bloody Cove Beach. The latter was so called after a battle two years earlier in 1637 between the English Captain Mason and the Pequot Indians.

The Pequot, under the leadership of the Sachem Sassacus was truly the last tribe of savage Indians in Connecticut. Sassacus had conquered dozens of smaller tribes and made them his allies so that he could muster about one thopusand bowmen into a raid. The cruel Pequots led raiding parties from their two foryts located on the Mystic River, and in the present city of Groton. Their targets were the new English settlements at Old Saybrook and Hartford. The English, in a bid to rid themselves once and for all of the exterminating Pequot, executed a series of gruesome routs, in which hundreds of Indians, including many women and children, were killed. Allying themselves with a former Pequot, Uncas, and his Mohegan Indians, the English completed the carnage at the head of the cove in what is now Guilford. Much blood was shed, staining the marsh of the cove and the sand of the beach. Even the waters of Long Island Sound were tinged darker by the red. "Bloody Cove" was the name given, not too long afterwards. The blood is gone, but the name stays to this day.

On September 29th 1639, the deed was drawn at Mr. Robert Newman's barn at the New Haven plantation, and was witnessed by Whitfield, his associates (John Hoadly presumably among them), and Shaumpishuh. The Sachem Squaw was paid the following for the settlers' new plantation:

"12 coates, 12 fathom of Wompom (i.e. 12 six foot lengths of strung beads), 12 glasses, 12 payer of shooes, 12 Hatchetts, 12 paire of stockings, 12 hooes, 4 kettles, I Z knives, 12 hatts, 12 poringers. 12 spoons, and 2 English coates."

The founders named the settlement "Guilford" in remembrance of Guildford in Surrey, where many of them had lived.

Founding a town like Guilford in the New England of the New World was an expensive proposition. The SAINT JOHN alone, a vessel of 350 tons, must have cost a small fortune. The price was born entirely by the Colonists. Every head of the household contributed whatever amount he was most able, to be placed in joint common stock, and used towards the Settlement. It was voted that each man's amount was not to exceed 500.

The earliest Guilford settlers received title to all 53,000 acres through a series of seven free grants or divisions of land. The sizes were made proportionable to the. amount each of the original planters expended to the common stock, and proportionable to the value of their estates.

The first division, made probable in 1640, divided up the rich and cleared lands of the Great Plain the large, fertile area where the centre of Guilford Village was established. These divisions included the home lots. Here the planters built their houses. John Hoadly had a lot on the south side of Broad Street between Fair and River streets. The house he built stood approximately on the site now occupied by 65 Broad Street.

On 14th July 1642, John Hoadly married Sarah Bushnell, by whom he had twelve children, seven of them born in Guilford, where three died in infancy.

1) Samuel Hoadly, born 30th September 1643.

2) John Hoadly, born 3rd January 1645, died 14th March 1645, aged two months.

3) John Hoadly, born June 1647. died in infancy.

4) Athia Hoadly, born 7th June 1648, died in Rolvenden, 27th March 1664, aged 15 (Where the name is recorded as Alicia.)

5) John Hoadly, born 8th April 1650.

6) Nathaniel Hoadly, born 7th June 1652, died 15th February 1657, aged 4.

7) Stephen Hoadly, born May 1654, died aged 3 weeks.

John and Sarah had three more children at Edinburgh Castle, and two more at Rolvenden, where they removed in 1662.

Note on Wife: Sarah BUSHNELL - shared note

Lived with her son John in Halstead until her death From Website http://www.ask.co.uk/main/followup40.asp?qCategory=PEOP&;ask=infor mation+on+the+exact+name+martyn+pentecost&qSource=5&origin=0&fram es=yes&site_name=UKKB&scope=web&metasearch=yes&r=x&hasblanks=1&co ntextpos=&ajparam_score=0.65&tenancy=&revshare=&aj_ques=snapshot% 3DUKKB%26kbid%3D3363171&aj_logid=1EA5C69BF55B1D46BE552091260D296A &aj_rank=4&aj_score=0.65&aj_text1=Deakin&IMAGE2.x=19&IMAGE2.y=9 "Ancestors of Douglas J. Cook" ID: I1934 Name: Francis Bushnell Given Name: Francis Surname: Bushnell Sex: M Birth: 1576 in , England Death: 13 October 1646 in Guilford, New Haven, CT 1 Change Date: 22 November 1999 at 16:41 Note: Came to New England in 1639 Marriage 1 Ferris Quenell Married: 13 May 1605 in Horsham, Sussex, England Change Date: 18 October 1999 Children Edmund Bushnell Francis Bushnell William Bushnell Stephen Bushnell John Bushnell Thomas Bushnell Mary Bushnell Rebecca Bushnell Richard Bushnell b: 20 April 1623 in Horsham, Sussex, England Sarah Bushnell Elizabeth Bushnell Marriage 2 Joan Kinward Married: 2 June 1631 in Horsham, Sussex, England Change Date: 18 October 1999 Sources: Abbrev: Great Migration Begins 1634-1635 Title: The Great Migration Begins 1634-1635 by R C Anderson, G F Sanborn and M L Sanborn