The Family Tree of Benjamin Hoadly, Bishop of Winchester (1676-1761)
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Family of Benjamin HOADLY (Bishop) and Mary NEWEY
|Husband:||Benjamin HOADLY (Bishop) (1676-1761)|
|Wife:||Mary NEWEY (1707?- )|
|Marriage||23 Jul 1745|
Husband: Benjamin HOADLY (Bishop)
|Benjamin HOADLY (Bishop)||Benjamin HOADLY (Bishop), Bishop Benjamin Hoadly Hogarth|
|Name:||Benjamin HOADLY (Bishop)|
|Father:||Samuel HOADLY (1643-1705)|
|Mother:||Martha PICKERING (1639-1702)|
|Birth||14 Nov 1676||Westerham, Kent|
|Christening||25 Nov 1676 (age 0)||Westerham, Kent 1|
|Occupation||Bishop Of Bangor, Salisbury, Hereford & Winchester|
|Education||BA/MA Catherine Hall, Cambridge|
|Religion||Church Of England|
|Death||17 Apr 1761 (age 84)||At His Palace In Chelsea|
Wife: Mary NEWEY
|Father:||John NEWEY ( - )|
Note on Husband: Benjamin HOADLY (Bishop) (1)
From THE GENTLEMANS MAGAZINE 1774
(The Life of Bishop Hoadly written by his son John Hoadly,L.L.D. Chancellor of the Diocese of Winchester).
Bishop Benjamin Hoadly
The Life of Bishop Hoadly (promised in our last), by his son John Hoadly,L.L.D. Chancellor of the Diocese of Winchester.
Benjamin Hoadly was successively Bishop of Bangor, Hereford, Salisbury, and Winchester. The life of this "pious and judicious divine" (as Bishop Burnet styles him) was consistently spent in a perpetual exertion of the noblest faculties to the noblest end, the vindication of the civil and religious liberties of mankind in general, and of his country in particular; and at his death he left a monumental inscription, written by himself, lest his zealous friends should erect any memorial of him inconsistent with the peculiar modesty of his life.
He was the sixth son of the Rev. Mr. Samuel Hoadly: (who was) The eldest of twelve children of the Rev. Mr. John Hoadly, Chaplain to the garrison of Edinburgh Castle, by Mrs. Sarah Bushnell, whom he met with in the same ship, when the troubles of his country forced his family to New England.
Samuel was born at Guildford, in New England, Sep. 29, 1643; came thence to Edinburgh, April 14, 1655, where he had his school education; and Sep. 29, 1659, went to King James's college there. He left Scotland July 22, 1662, with the family, who settled in Rolvenden, in Kent; whence, Jan. 2, 1662 3, he went to Cranbrook, to teach the freeschool there, being little more than nineteen years of age. Of nine sons the bishop was the sixth by his second wife. He first set up his private school at Westerham in 1671, near which, at Halstead, his brother John was rector. He moved again in 1678, to Tottenham High Cross, in Middlesex, and thence, in May 1686, to Brook House, in Hackney. From thence, in April, 1700, he was called to preside in the public school at Norwich, where his youngest son John was several years his assistant.
His eldest son Samuel, a most promising youth, died at University college, Oxford, under 17 years of age.
His father Lamented his loss in very moving terms to his friend Graevius, who at the same time laboured under the like calamity. This excellent schoolmaster and critical scholar died April 17, 1705, without ever having had any preferment in the church.
His youngest son John was successively Archbishop of Dublin and Armagh, Primate and Metropolitan of Ireland. He died July 19, 1746.
(Benjamin was) born at Westerham , in Kent, Nov. 14, 1676, and educated under his father's care, till he was admitted of Catherine hall, Cambridge, under Mr. John Ling, afterwards Lord Bishop of Norwich; where, as soon as he commenced M.A. he became tutor, and discharged that office two years with the highest reputation.
He took orders under Dr. Henry Compton, Lord Bishop of London; and the next year, quitting his fellowship (vacated, as is most probable, by his marriage), was appointed to the lectureship of St. Mildred, in the Poultry, London, in which he continued ten years, till he had preached it down to £30 a year (as he pleasantly observed), and then he thought it high time to quit it.
He officiated at the same time for the Rev. Mr. Hodges, Rector of St. Swithin's, during his absence at sea as Chaplain to the fleet in 1702.
Two years after, he obtained the rectory of St. Peter le Poor, in Broad Street, London, in a great measure by the recommendation of the Rev. Dr. W. Sherlock, Dean of St. Paul's, to that chapter, of whom he always spoke as uniformly kind to him.
His writings, published during the course of these last years, tending to the advancement of natural and revealed religion, and to the justification of the noblest principles of civil liberty, produced, in the year 1709, a vote in the House of Commons in his favour.
On February 13, 1710, he was presented by Mrs. Howland to the rectory of Streatham, in Surry, "to shew" as she said, "that she was neither ashamed nor afraid to give him that public mark of her regard at that critical time:" as a qualification for it he was honoured with a chaplainship to his Grace Wriothesley Duke of Bedford.
On February 16th, 1715.6, he was admitted and sworn king's chaplain, having before been honoured with the (?) and consecrated the 18th of March following; with which he held both his livings in commendum.
It was a very singular circumstance (not to his dishonour), that when he went to court to kiss hands on the occasion, he did not know his way up stairs; and, when there, sat in an outer room, till he was shewn into the presence.
On his Lordship's publishing, in 1716, his Preservative against the Principles and Practices of the Nonjurors both in Church and State, and, on March 31, 1717, his famous sermon on the Nature of the Kingdom or Church of Christ, before the King, (which was immediately printed by special command) so great offence was taken by the clergy at the doctrines therein delivered, that it was resolved to proceed against him in convocation as soon as it should sit. And here began the famous controversy, which bears his name.
The lower house of convocation drew up their representation & c., but before it could be brought to the upper house, that whole assembly was prorogued by a special order from the King; nor was then permitted to sit till the resentment entirely subsided: neither has it since been permitted by government to do any business of consequence, but merely to confine itself to matters of form.
In 1720, he he resigned the rectory of St. Peter Le Poor, and in 1721 was translated to the see of Hereford. During his short continuance in this Bishopric happened the trial of the Bishop of Rochester (Atterbury), in whose sentence he most conscientiously concurred, for reasons best seen in the Remarks on that event; which are universally ascribed to him.
Upon his translation to the see of Salisbury in 1723, he resigned the rectory of Streatham, his most beloved retirement.
Eleven years after, (viz. in 1734) he was advanced, on the death of Bishop Willis (whom he had also succeeded at Salisbury), to the Bishopric of Winchester, which he held near twenty seven years; till on April 17th, 1761, at his palace at Chelsea, in the same calm he had enjoyed amidst all the storms that blew around him, he died, full of years and honours. beloved and revered by all good men. His useful labours in the cause of religious and civil liberty will be gratefully remembered as long as Great Britain shall be a nation.
He was uncommonly fortunate in domestic life, having been married to two excellent women, in whom he was completely happy; viz. Mrs. Sarah Curtis, on May 30, 1701; and on July 23, 1745, to Mary, daughter and co heiress of Dr. John Newey, Dean of Chichester.
(Sarah Curtis was) Born at Pontefract, in Yorkshire about six months before his Lordship, and excellent in the art of painting, as he was, in his younger days, in that of music. She was a scholar of Mrs. Beale and her son Charles, who were bred under Sir Peter Lely.
Many of her portraits would honour to the professors of that art; particularly a pair of small whole lengths of Mr. Hoadly just after, and his brother just before, they went into orders; another of Bishop Burnet, in the family of Mitchell, Esq; who married one of his daughters (Mary, relict of Richard West, Esq; King's councel, and afterwards Lord Chancellor of Ireland), from which Mr. Vertue made an excellent engraving. I must not omit a third, lately added by her son to the collection of the Archbishop of Canterbury, at Lambeth, an half length of his father, when Bishop of Bangor.
To the Bishop's skill in music may now be added his talent for poetry: see the prologue to All For Love, p. 87.
By his first lady he had five children, all sons, two dead born, and Samuel, (who died an infant), Benjamin, and John.
Benjamin, M.D., F. R. S. and physician to his Majesty's household, as he was also to that of the Prince of Wales. He was author of Three Letters on the Organs of Respiration, read at the college of Physicians, 1737; of Oratio Harveiana, 1742; of the Suspicious Husband, a comedy, 1747, which will keep possession of the stage even after his dear friend (the original Ranger) shall have left it; and of Observations on a Series of Electrical Experiments, 1756. He was twice married, but left no issue; and died in the life time of his father, Aug. 10, 1757, at his house in Chelsea (since Sir Richard Glyn's), which he had built ten years before.
(The Bishop's youngest son, John Hoadly is), L.L.D. Chancellor of the diocese of Winchester, Master of St. Cross, Rector of Alresford, of St. Mary's near Southampton, and Overton (sine cure), all in the county of Hants. He married Elizabeth, daughter of James Ashe, Esq; of Salisbury, by whom he bath no issue.
It is observable, that here the family and name of Hoadly seems to have its end, no male remaining of that numerous stock, and only three persons now known of the name;
1. Anna, relict of Dr. Benjamin Hoadly;
2. Elizabeth (abovementioned) wife of Dr. John Hoadly, and
3. Bridget, widow of Henry Hoadly, Captain of the Royal Guardian East Indiamen, long in the service of the East India Company, youngest son of the Rev. Mr. John Hoadly, Rector of Halstead, and Vicar of Nockall, Kent, uncle to the Bishop.
His Lordship could never find out any of the name, but one, who had lived in a tolerable manner, but was reduced in her old age, above 90, to be a pensioner of his, while Rector of St. Peter Le Poor.
Note on Husband: Benjamin HOADLY (Bishop) (2)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Benjamin Hoadly, painted by William Hogarth, c. 1743Benjamin Hoadly (1676–1761), was an English clergyman, who was successively bishop of Bangor, Hereford, Salisbury, and Winchester, famous for initiating the Bangorian Controversy.
He was educated at St Catharine's College Cambridge University and ordained in 1701. He was rector of St. Peter-le-Poor, London, from 1704 to 1724. His participation in controversy began at the beginning of his career, when he advocated conformity of the religious rites from the Scottish and English churches for the sake of union. He became a leader of the low church and found favor with the Whig party.
He battled with Francis Atterbury, spokesman for the high church group and Tory leader on the subject of passive obedience and non-resistance (i.e. obedience of divines that would not involve swearing allegiance or changing their eucharistic rites but would also not involve denunciation of the Established Church practices). The House of Commons, dominated by Whigs, recommended him to Queen Anne, and he became rector of Streatham in 1710. When George I succeeded to the throne, he became chaplain to the King and made bishop of Bangor in 1716.
In 1717, his sermon on "The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ" provoked the Bangorian controversy. He was then translated three more times, taking up different bishoprics. He maintained that the eucharist was purely a commemorative act without any divine intervention (i.e. was purely consubstantial). During his time as bishop, he rarely even visited his dioceses and lived, instead, in London, where he was very active in politics.
William Hogarth (1697-1764) painted his portrait as Bishop of Winchester and "Prelate of the Most Noble Order of the Garter" about 1743, etched by Bernard Baron (1696-1762).
 Selected works
A Defence of the Reasonableness of Conformity (1707)
A Plain Account of the Nature and End of the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper (1735)
The Repeal of the Corporation and Test Acts (1736)
John Evans Bishop of Bangor
1715–1721 Succeeded by
Phillip Bisse Bishop of Hereford
1721–1723 Succeeded by
Richard Willis Bishop of Salisbury
1723–1734 Succeeded by
Richard Willis Bishop of Winchester
1734–1761 Succeeded by
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Hoadly"
Note on Husband: Benjamin HOADLY (Bishop) (3)
The son of Samuel Hoadly, headmaster of Norwich school, Benjamin Hoadly became chaplain to George I in 1715. A controversial and prolific preacher and writer on both politics and religion, he was nonetheless appointed successively as Bishop of Bangor, Hereford, Salisbury and Winchester. This portrait by his wife Sarah Curtis, a pupil of Mary Beale, shows him with his right hand resting on a crutched stick. An illness in his youth having left him crippled, Hoadly walked with the aid of a stick and preached on his knees.
Note on Husband: Benjamin HOADLY (Bishop) (4)
England: Canterbury - Index to the Act Books of the Archbishops of Canterbury, 1663-1859 (A-K)
Hoadly, Benjamin (Catherine Hall, Camb.), 1710-11 : Dispens. R. S. Peter Poor, London, R. Streatham, Surrey; 6, 30. 1715-6 : R. S. Peters Poor, London, degree D.D.; 6, 201. 1715-6 : Bp. elect Bangor, lic. for commendam, R. Llandyfnan, Ang., R. Llandurnog in ye Vale of Clwyd, Den., R. Streatham, Surry, R. S. Peter ye Poor, London; 6, 209. Confirmn. Bp. Bangor; ibid. Consecrn.; ibid. Hoadley (Bp. elect Heref.), 1721 : Lic. for Commendam R. Streatham, Surry; 6, 382. Commn. for confirmn. Bp. Hereford; 6, 385. Bangor seals broken; 6, 387. (Hoadley), 1723 : Hereford seals broken; 7, 43. 1734 : Confirmn. election Bp. Winchester; 8, 13. Salisbury seals broken; 8, 21. 1761 : dead; 9, 410. Winchester seals broken; 9, 412.
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BENJAMIN HOADLEY Pedigree
Christening: 22 DEC 1676 Westerham, Kent, England
Father: SAMUEL HOADLEY Family
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Batch Number: 8515034
Source Call No.: 1396025 Type: Film