Family of Henry SMITH

Partner: Henry SMITH ( - )
Partner: (unknown)
Children: Elizabeth SMITH (1834-1915)

Partner: Henry SMITH

Name: Henry SMITH
Sex: Male
Father: -
Mother: -
Occupation Labourer

Child 1: Elizabeth SMITH

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Elizabeth SMITH, 1880-1890

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Elizabeth SMITH, 1915, age 81

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Elizabeth SMITH

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Spouse: Frederick Augustus HOADLY, 1867?, age 29

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Spouse: Frederick Augustus HOADLY

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Spouse: Frederick Augustus HOADLY, 1867?, age 29

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Spouse: Frederick Augustus HOADLY, 2014, age 176

Name: Elizabeth SMITH
Sex: Female
Spouse 1: Frederick Augustus HOADLY (1838-1869)
Spouse 2: James Bickford HEARD aka Lottwhich Harrington HEARD (1848-1941)
Birth 21 Apr 1834 Norwich, Norfolk, England1
Residence 28 Apr 1859 (age 25) Folkestone, Kent2
Religion 28 Apr 1859 (age 25) Church of England2
Census 7 Apr 1861 (age 26) Folkestone, Kent3
10 Shellon's Terrace, Folkestone, Kent
Census 2 Apr 1871 (age 36) Leamington, Warwickshire4
16 Park Street, Leamington, Warwickshire
Occupation 2 Apr 1871 (age 36) Laundress; Leamington, Warwickshire4
Residence 10 May 1873 (age 39) Leamington, Warwickshire
11 Hill Street, Leamington Priors, Warwickshire
Address given at the Probate of Frederick Augustus Hoadly's Will in 1873
Residence 23 Jun 1873 (age 39) Leamington, Warwickshire5
11 Hill Street, Leamington Priors, Warwickshire
Residence 20 Sep 1876 (age 42) Leamington, Warwickshire6
6 Chandos Street
Census 3 Apr 1881 (age 45) Brixton, Surrey7
19 Clacton Terrace, Shakespere Road, Brixton, Surrey
Occupation 3 Apr 1881 (age 46) Needle woman; Brixton, Surrey7
Census 5 Apr 1891 (age 56) Stockwell, Lambeth, London8
10 Pulross Road, Stockwell, London
Occupation 5 Apr 1891 (age 56) Living on own means; Stockwell, Lambeth, London8
Residence Nov 1899 (age 65) Streatham, London9
33 Noyna Road, Streatham, London
Newspaper reference 25 Nov 1899 (age 65) London, Middlesex
Cannon-street Hotel, London, E.C
The Times: Saturday November 25th 1899

ROYAL HOSPITAL for INCURABLES
West-hill, Putney-heath, S.W.
Seaside House, 55, Marina, St. Leonards-on-Sea.
Patron - HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS the PRINCE of WALES, K.G. &C.
President- THE MOST HON. The MARQUIS of NORTHAMPTON.
Vice-President and Treasurer - HERBERT JOHN ALLCROFT, Esq., F.R.G.S.
The FORTY-FIFTH ANNUAL MEETING and the NINETY-FIRST ELECTION of this Charity was held this day at the Cannon-street Hotel, London, E.C., HERBERT JOHN ALLCROFT, Esq., F.R.G.S. Vice-President and Treasurer, in the chair.

SUCCESSFUL CANDIDATES

INMATES

No Votes No Votes
1 Kingsford W.H. .. 1,412 5 Hoadly, Elizabeth .. 1,205
2 Bastable. Eliza .. 1,333 6 Pryne, Elizabeth .. 1,203
3 Baker, Charles .. 1,225 7 Limburn, Edith .. 863
4 Paris Mary Ann .. 1,218 8 Reid, Ethel .. .. 857

PENSIONERS

[ Numbers 9 to 35]

The above were declared elected subject to a scrutiny if demanded in writing within seven days.
At the conclusion of the meeting it was unanimously resolved, "That the best thanks of this meeting be given to HERBERT JOHN ALLCROFT, Esq., for his services as Chairman, and to THOMAS W. WICKHAM, Esq., Chairman of the Scrutineers, and his colleagues."
FREDERICK ANDREW, Secretary
Residence Dec 1899 (age 65) Putney, London10
Royal Hospital For Incurables, Wandsworth
Census 31 Mar 1901 (age 65) Wandsworth, Surrey11
Royal Hospital For Incurables, Wandsworth, Surrey
Occupation 31 Mar 1901 (age 66) Patient; Wandsworth, Surrey11
Occupation Laundress/ Needlewoman12
Census 2 Apr 1911 (age 76) Wandsworth, London13
Royal Hospital for Incurables, West Hill, Putney, Wandsworth, London
Death 10 Aug 1915 (age 81) Royal Hospital For Incurables, Wandsworth14
Cause: (1) Rheumatoid Arthritis 30 years (2) Exhaustion
Address: Royal Hospital For Incurables, Wandsworth

Sources

1Sinead Moriarty, "email from Sinead Moriarty; Royal Hospital For Incurables".
Text From Source: Dear Graham,

My name is Sinead, I am involved with the archives here at the RHN (although my main role here is in fundraising).
Unfortunately there is no paid archivist here and our archives are only beginning to be analysed fully so we don't have a huge amount of detail available.
We are excited to be working on a project that would see lots of our records properly assessed and digitised so that they could be available online - I will make sure to let you know if and when this happens!

But back to your great-grandmother - I'm delighted to report that I was able to find her admission records in our archives.
The record is in what we call 'patient intake' books - so it is basically a one-page form that was filled out for each patient who came to the RHN (or RHI as it was known).

From the records we have these details:

Name: Elizabeth Hoadly
Place of Residence: 33 Noyna Road, Upper Tooting, S.W.
Date of Birth: 21 April 1834
Condition: Widowed
Disease or Affliction: Chronic rheumatic gout
duration of illness: 10 years
means of support: dependent on son and daughter
Position: Husband (deceased) was a chef
Presented for election: July 1899
Elected: Nov 1899
Admitted: Dec 1899
Died: Aug 1915

To give you a little more information on what some of this means, I will just tell you briefly about the hospital as it was in the 20th century.
The Royal Hospital for Incurables was established as a charity in 1854 - as you say the name 'Royal' was in use in the title long before 1917, however we only received official permission to use this title in 1917. The founder Dr. Andrew Reed had established 4 charities previously, focused largely on children, and had not had any difficulties obtaining the use of the Royal title, and a Royal charter. However the innovative, and even somewhat controversial topic of 'incurables' at the time led to the delay.

The hospital was set up to care for those people who had been discharged from general hospitals as 'incurable' or who suffered chronic illness. At the time this included injuries causing physical disability, severe gout, cancers, epilepsy and other illnesses that we would now consider largely treatable.

As the hospital was established as a charity there was a constant need to raise funds. One of the ways they did this was through the election system. Supporters would get a number of votes depending on their level of support. When people applied to come to the RHN their details would be sent around to supporters who would vote as to which of the applications should be admitted. This sounds very odd now, but was a common practice in Victorian charitable institutions.

There were two different levels of support which could be offered. These were 'inmate' meaning in-patient, and 'pensioner' meaning that people would remain in their own homes but would be given a small stipend in order to help them pay for care or cover for loss of earnings.
As you can see from your records your great-grandmother was admitted as an 'inmate' meaning that she came to live here at the RHN.

Unfortunately we don't seem to have any other images of your great-grandmother.
If you would like to visit, please don't hesitate to contact me and I would be happy to arrange a tour.
I work part time (usually Monday-Wednesday) and would be delighted to meet you if this kind of time would be suitable.

In the meantime I do hope you find the information interesting and best wishes with your continued searches!

Kind regards
Sinead
Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: From the records we have these details:

Name: Elizabeth Hoadly
Place of Residence: 33 Noyna Road, Upper Tooting, S.W.
Date of Birth: 21 April 1834
Condition: Widowed
Disease or Affliction: Chronic rheumatic gout
duration of illness: 10 years
means of support: dependent on son and daughter
Position: Husband (deceased) was a chef
Presented for election: July 1899
Elected: Nov 1899
Admitted: Dec 1899
Died: Aug 1915

Elizabeth's date of birth is given at her admission to the Royal Hospital For Incurables in 1899. Being born prior to 1837, there is, of course no Birth Certificate.
So far (July 2016) we have found no credible baptism for her in the Norwich Parish Records, assuming that she was baptised at all.
Indeed, she thus far is not traceable in any records that we have found from her birth until her marriage, age 25, in 1859.
She is consistent that she was born in Norwich in all her census declarations. What we don't know yet is how long she lived there after her birth, and how she ended up in Folkestone when she married Frederick in 1859, or where she may have been in between.
Very frustrating!
2"Marriage Folkestone, Kent (St Mary & St Eanswythe Parish Church, Folkestone, Kent) 28 Apr 1859 Frederick Augustus HOADLY & Elizabeth SMITH".
Text From Source: 1859, Marriage solemnized at the Parish Church, in the Parish of Folkestone in the County of Kent
Marriage No: 41
When Married: 28 Apr 1859
Name and Surname: Frederick Augustus HOADLY and Elizabeth SMITH
Age: Above age and Above age
Condition: Bachelor and Spinster
Rank or Profession: Cook and -
Residence at the time of Marriage: Folkestone, Kent and Folkestone, Kent
Father's Name and Surname: William HOADLY and Henry SMITH
Rank or Profession of Father: Coachmaker and Labourer
Married in the church according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church, By Banns by me, George Lingham - Curate.
This Marriage was solemnized between us, Frederick Augustus HOADLY and Elizabeth SMITH
in the Presence of us, Witnesses: Frank Goswell, Elizabeth Jacob
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Source: Marriage Folkestone, Kent (St Mary & St Eanswythe Parish Church, Folkestone, Kent) 28 Apr 1859 Frederick Augustus HOADLY & Elizabeth SMITH, Frederick Augustus Hoadly & Elizabeth Smith Folkestone 1859

3"Census 1861 (Frederick Augustus Hoadly) Folkestone, Kent RG9/551/181/53".
Text From Source: Frederick A. Hoadley Head 22 Cook Wrk. Leamington
Elizabeth Do. Wife 26 Nfk Norwich
Frederick W. Do. Son 5 months Kent Folkestone
Thomas J. Greenap Lodger 27 Clerk to Custom
House Agent Kent Lydd
Assessment: Primary evidence.
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Source: Census 1861 (Frederick Augustus Hoadly) Folkestone, Kent RG9/551/181/53, Frederick Augustus Hoadly 61

4"Census 1871 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Leamington, Warwickshire RG10/3195/9/10 & 11".
Text From Source: Elizabeth Hoadly Head Wid 36 Norfolk Norwich
Fredk. W. Hoadly Son 10 Kent Folkestone
Sophia Hoadly Dau 9 Middlesex St George
Edward Augustus
Hoadly Son 6 Sussex Hastings
Elizth Hoadly Dau 4 Warwick Leamington
Katherine Hoadly Dau 2 Do. Do.
Assessment: Primary evidence.
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Source: Census 1871 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Leamington, Warwickshire RG10/3195/9/10 & 11, Elizabeth Hoadly (a) 71

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Source: Census 1871 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Leamington, Warwickshire RG10/3195/9/10 & 11, Elizabeth Hoadly (b) 71

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Source: Census 1871 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Leamington, Warwickshire RG10/3195/9/10 & 11, 16 Park Street Leamington 2012

5"Birth Leamington, Warwickshire (11 Hill Street, Leamington Priors, Warwickshire) 16 May 1873 Lottwhich HARRINGTON" (6).
Text From Source: Certified Copy of an Entry of Birth
1873 Birth in Leamington, Warwickshire
No: 6
When and where born: 16 May 1873 11 Hill Street, Leamington Priors, Warwickshire, Leamington
Name if any: Lottwhich
Sex: boy
Name and surname of father: Lottwhich Harrington
Name, surname and maiden surname of mother: Elizabeth Harrington late Hoadly previously SMITH
Occupation of father: Domestic Servant a Coachman
Signature, description and residence of informant: Lottwhich Harrington Father 11 Hill Street, Leamington Priors, Warwickshire, Leamington
When Registered: 23 Jun 1873
Signature of registrar: J. W. B. Bone
Some questionable details on this certificate. Of course the father's true name was James Bickford Heard. He used an alias on this registration [Lottwhich Harrington]. Also the mother was in fact Elizabeth Hoadly but he gives her "new" surname as "Harringtoin". They never married.
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Source: Birth Leamington, Warwickshire (11 Hill Street, Leamington Priors, Warwickshire) 16 May 1873 Lottwhich HARRINGTON, Birth Leamington, Warwickshire (11 Hill Street, Leamington Priors, Warwickshire) 16 May 1873 Lottwhich HARRINGTON

6"Birth Leamington, Warwickshire (6 Chandos Street) 13 Aug 1876 James Bickford HEARD" (468).
Text From Source: Certified Copy of an Entry of Birth
1876 Birth in Leamington, Warwickshire
No: 468
When and where born: 13 Aug 1876 6 Chandos Street, Leamington
Name if any: James Bickford
Sex: boy
Name and surname of father: Lottwhich Harrington HEARD
Name, surname and maiden surname of mother: Elizabeth HEARD formerly SMITH
Occupation of father: Coachman
Signature, description and residence of informant: Lottwhich Harrington HEARD Father 6 Chandos Street, Leamington
When Registered: 20 Sep 1876
Signature of registrar: J. W. B. Bone
Once again, a false name from the father who was, of course, James Bickford Heard but at this registration calls himself Lottwhich. Again, although the mother was formerly Smith, she never married Heard, so was actually Elizabeth (late) Hoadly formerly Smith.
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Source: Birth Leamington, Warwickshire (6 Chandos Street) 13 Aug 1876 James Bickford HEARD, Birth Leamington, Warwickshire (6 Chandos Street) 13 Aug 1876 James Bickford HEARD

7"Census 1881 Brixton, Surrey RG11/622/48/25" (RG11/622/48/25).
Text From Source: Name,Relation,Condition,Sex,Age,Occupation,Where Born,Infirmity
Elizabeth HOADLY,Head,Mar,F,45,Needle woman,Norwich, Norfolk, England,
Elizabeth HOADLY,Daughter,Unm,F,14,Scholar,Leamington, Warwickshire,
Katherine HOADLY,Daughter,Unm,F,11,Scholar,Leamington, Warwickshire,
Lottwhich HOADLY,Son,Unm,M,7,Scholar,Leamington, Warwickshire,
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Source: Census 1881 Brixton, Surrey RG11/622/48/25, Census UK 1881 RG11/622/48/25

8"Census 1891 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Stockwell, Lambeth, London RG12/409/102/61".
Text From Source: Elizabeth Hoadly Head Wid 56 Norfolk Norwich
Elizabeth Hoadly Dau S 24 Warwick Leamington
Assessment: Primary evidence.
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Source: Census 1891 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Stockwell, Lambeth, London RG12/409/102/61, Elizabeth Hoadly 91

9Sinead Moriarty, "email from Sinead Moriarty; Royal Hospital For Incurables".
Text From Source: Dear Graham,

My name is Sinead, I am involved with the archives here at the RHN (although my main role here is in fundraising).
Unfortunately there is no paid archivist here and our archives are only beginning to be analysed fully so we don't have a huge amount of detail available.
We are excited to be working on a project that would see lots of our records properly assessed and digitised so that they could be available online - I will make sure to let you know if and when this happens!

But back to your great-grandmother - I'm delighted to report that I was able to find her admission records in our archives.
The record is in what we call 'patient intake' books - so it is basically a one-page form that was filled out for each patient who came to the RHN (or RHI as it was known).

From the records we have these details:

Name: Elizabeth Hoadly
Place of Residence: 33 Noyna Road, Upper Tooting, S.W.
Date of Birth: 21 April 1834
Condition: Widowed
Disease or Affliction: Chronic rheumatic gout
duration of illness: 10 years
means of support: dependent on son and daughter
Position: Husband (deceased) was a chef
Presented for election: July 1899
Elected: Nov 1899
Admitted: Dec 1899
Died: Aug 1915

To give you a little more information on what some of this means, I will just tell you briefly about the hospital as it was in the 20th century.
The Royal Hospital for Incurables was established as a charity in 1854 - as you say the name 'Royal' was in use in the title long before 1917, however we only received official permission to use this title in 1917. The founder Dr. Andrew Reed had established 4 charities previously, focused largely on children, and had not had any difficulties obtaining the use of the Royal title, and a Royal charter. However the innovative, and even somewhat controversial topic of 'incurables' at the time led to the delay.

The hospital was set up to care for those people who had been discharged from general hospitals as 'incurable' or who suffered chronic illness. At the time this included injuries causing physical disability, severe gout, cancers, epilepsy and other illnesses that we would now consider largely treatable.

As the hospital was established as a charity there was a constant need to raise funds. One of the ways they did this was through the election system. Supporters would get a number of votes depending on their level of support. When people applied to come to the RHN their details would be sent around to supporters who would vote as to which of the applications should be admitted. This sounds very odd now, but was a common practice in Victorian charitable institutions.

There were two different levels of support which could be offered. These were 'inmate' meaning in-patient, and 'pensioner' meaning that people would remain in their own homes but would be given a small stipend in order to help them pay for care or cover for loss of earnings.
As you can see from your records your great-grandmother was admitted as an 'inmate' meaning that she came to live here at the RHN.

Unfortunately we don't seem to have any other images of your great-grandmother.
If you would like to visit, please don't hesitate to contact me and I would be happy to arrange a tour.
I work part time (usually Monday-Wednesday) and would be delighted to meet you if this kind of time would be suitable.

In the meantime I do hope you find the information interesting and best wishes with your continued searches!

Kind regards
Sinead
Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: From the records we have these details:

Name: Elizabeth Hoadly
Place of Residence: 33 Noyna Road, Upper Tooting, S.W.
Date of Birth: 21 April 1834
Condition: Widowed
Disease or Affliction: Chronic rheumatic gout
duration of illness: 10 years
means of support: dependent on son and daughter
Position: Husband (deceased) was a chef
Presented for election: July 1899
Elected: Nov 1899
Admitted: Dec 1899
Died: Aug 1915

Presumably, Elizabeth was living with her daughter Elizabeth Knowles prior to her admission to the Royal Hospital.
10Ibid. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: From the records we have these details:

Name: Elizabeth Hoadly
Place of Residence: 33 Noyna Road, Upper Tooting, S.W.
Date of Birth: 21 April 1834
Condition: Widowed
Disease or Affliction: Chronic rheumatic gout
duration of illness: 10 years
means of support: dependent on son and daughter
Position: Husband (deceased) was a chef
Presented for election: July 1899
Elected: Nov 1899
Admitted: Dec 1899
Died: Aug 1915

11"Census 1901 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Wandsworth, Surrey RG13/488/95/11".
Text From Source: Elizabeth Hoadley Patient Widow 65 Norfolk Norwich (Rheum)
Assessment: Primary evidence.
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Source: Census 1901 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Wandsworth, Surrey RG13/488/95/11, Elizabeth Hoadly 01

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Source: Census 1901 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Wandsworth, Surrey RG13/488/95/11, Royal Hospital for Incurables, Putney c 1910

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Source: Census 1901 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Wandsworth, Surrey RG13/488/95/11, The-Hospital-for-the-Incurables

121881 census index (Microfiche).
Text From Source: 1881 census index (Microfiche)
Family Records Centre, 1 Myddleton Street, LONDON, EC1R 1UW. Tel: 020 8392 5300.
13"Census 1911 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Wandsworth, London RG14/2430/1" (RG14/2430/1).
Text From Source: Name,Relation,Sex,Age,Married,Marr Years?,Chd Born,Chd Alive,Chd Died,Occupation,Industry,Employ Status,At home?,Born,Nationality,Infirmity
Elizabeth HOADLY,Inmate,F,76,M,,7,,,,,,,Norwich,,
According to the 1911 Census Eliuzabeth had seven children born alive.
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Source: Census 1911 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Wandsworth, London RG14/2430/1, Elizabeth Hoadly 1911 (b) RG14PN2430 RG78PN80 RD26 SD7 ED39 SN1

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Source: Census 1911 (Elizabeth Hoadly) Wandsworth, London RG14/2430/1, Elizabeth Hoadly 1911 (a) RG14PN2430 RG78PN80 RD26 SD7 ED39 SN1

14Death Certificate.
Text From Source: GRO death certificate
In possession of Graham Hoadly.
Assessment: Primary evidence.
Text From Source: Registration District: Wandsworth. 1915 DEATH in the Sub-district of Southfields in the County of London
No: 71 [?]
When and where died: Tenth August 1915. Royal Hospital for Incurables
Name and Surname: Elizabeth Hoadley
Sex: Female
Age: 81 years
Occupation: Widow of Frederick Augustus Hoadley, a Chef, 76 High Street, Peckham
Cause of Death: (1) Rheumatoid Arthritis 30 years
(2) Exhaustion
certified by John Gay MD
Signature, description and residence of informant:F. J. Miller, Steward, Royal Hospital for Incurables, Wandsworth
When registered: Twelfth August 1915
Signature of Registrar: W. V. Minter. Registrar

CERTIFIED to be a true copy of an entry in the certified copy of a Register of Deaths in the District above mentioned.
Given at the GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE, under the Seal of the said Office, the 15th day of April 1992
Family Records Centre, 1 Myddleton Street, LONDON, EC1R 1UW. Tel: 020 8392 5300.
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Source: Death Certificate, 17 Rosefield Street, Leamington June 2014 (4)